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Grammar : Conditional 3

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Conditional 3 :

Conditional Type 3 :  الجمل الشرطية

Use :

Conditional 3 is ued to express conditions in the past that did not happen.
It’s often used to express criticism or regret with would have, could have or should have.

IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
If + had + past participle Would + have + past participle

.يستخدم للنقد أو التحسر عن شيء ما كان ليحصل لو توفرت ظروف معينة Conditional 3
:للفهم أكثر نأخذ كمثال

If you had asked (past perfect) mewould have helped you (would have +past participle).

لو طلبت مني المساعدة، لساعدتك
:في هذا المثال
أنت لم تطلب مني المساعدة إذا لم أساعدك

Past Perfect يصرف في If نلاحظ أن الفعل في الجزء الأول والذي يبتدئ ب

would have + past participle و الفعل في الجزء الثاني: يبتدئ ب

:كما يمكننا عكس مواقع الجزء الأول و الجزء الثاني من الجملة، ويبقى المعنى على حاله، فنقول
I would have helped you, If you had asked me

Examples : 

IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
If I had worked harder I would have passed my exam
If I had worked harder I could have passed my exam
If I had worked harder I should have passed my exam

OR

MAIN CLAUSE IF CLAUSE
I would have passed my exam If I had worked harder
I could have passed my exam If I had worked harder
I should have passed my exam If I had worked harder

Note : 
We never use would have, or wouldn’t have etc in the if clause.

Examples : 

  • If I hadn’t seen you, you would have lost your way.
  • You would have lost your way, if I hadn’t seen you. ( I saw you so you didn’t lose your way).
  • If it had been sunny we could have gone out.
  • We could have gone out, if it had been sunny ( we didn’t go out because it wasn’t sunny).

 

Exams exercises:

2017 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة الاستدراكية

كل مسالك الشعب العلمية و التقنية والأصيلة ومسالك الباكالوريا المهنية

D. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN

2. The kids didn’t go to the seaside. They didn’t get their parents’ permission.
     If the kids had got their parents’ permission, they…………………………

➡ If the kids had got their parents’ permission, they would/could have gone to the seaside.

2017 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة الاستدراكية

شعبة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية مسلك العلوم الإنسانية

C. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN

1. Anna gained more weight because she didn’t follow the doctor’s advice
     If Anna had followed the doctor’s advice, she………………………………

If Anna had followed the doctor’s advice, she wouldn’t have gained more weight.

2017 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة العادية

كل مسالك الشعب العلمية و التقنية والأصيلة ومسالك الباكالوريا المهنية

D. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN

3. Your electricity supply was cut off because you didn’t pay the bill.
    Your electricity supply wouldn’t have been cut off if …………………………

➡ Your electricity supply wouldn’t have been cut off if you had paid the bill.

2016 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة الاستدراكية

كل مسالك الشعب العلمية و التقنية والأصيلة

C. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN.

3. You didn’t check a dictionary; that’s why you made many spelling mistakes.
     If you ……………………………………

If you had checked a dictionary, you wouldn’t have made many spelling mistakes.

2016 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة العادية

كل مسالك الشعب العلمية و التقنية والأصيلة

E. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN. 

3. We lost the game because our goalkeeper was not in good physical condition.
     If …………………………

If our goalkeeper had been in good physical condition, we wouldn’t have lost the game.

2015 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة العادية

شعبة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية مسلك العلوم الإنسانية

D. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN

3. Mark didn’t apply for the job because he didn’t get his diploma on time.
     If Mark ………………………

If Mark had gotten his diploma on time, he would have applied for the job.

2015 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة العادية

شعبة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية مسلك العلوم الإنسانية

C. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN
3. My sister didn’t take her medicine. She didn’t feel better
     If my sister …………………………

➡ If my sister had taken her medicine, she would have felt better.

2015 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة الاستدراكية

شعبة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية مسلك الآداب

D. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN. 

3. Adil didn’t know about the meeting because he didn’t check his email.
     If Adil ……………………………

If Adil had checked his email, he would have known about the meeting.

2014 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة الاستدراكية

كل مسالك الشعب العلمية و التقنية والأصيلة

D. REWRITE THE SENTENCES AS INDICATED

3. Badre didn’t get a bank loan; so he wasn’t able to set up his business.
     If Badre …………………………………

➡ If Badre had got a bank loan, he would have been able to set up his business.

2015 الامتحان الوطني الموحد للباك الدورة العادية

شعبة الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية مسلك العلوم الإنسانية

E. REWRITE THE SENTENCES BEGINNING WITH THE WORDS GIVEN. 

2. I can’t use Whatsapp because I have no internet connection.
     If ………………………………

If I had had internet, I could have used Whatsapp.

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