Cultural values and issues vocab :
Complaning and apologizing :
This is a list of vocabulary items related to culture :
Culture can be defined as all the ways of life including arts, beliefs and institutions of a population that are passed down from generation to generation. Culture has been called “the way of life for an entire society.” As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, games, norms of behavior such as law and morality, and systems of belief as well as the art.
1. The mental act, condition, or habit of placing trust or confidence in another:
” My belief in you is as strong as ever.”
2. Mental acceptance of and conviction in the truth, actuality, or validity of something:
” His explanation of what happened defies belief.”
3. Something believed or accepted as true, especially a particular tenet or a body of tenets accepted by a group of persons.
A system of accepted beliefs which control behaviour, especially such a system based on morals
Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something).
“He has very conservatives values”
The social process whereby societies achieve an advanced stage of development and organization
Cultural conflicts :
We should try hard to avoid cultural conflicts as they are a result of a misunderstanding
Cultural stereotypes :
A fixed idea that people have about what someone or something is like, especially an idea that is wrong.
Cultural stereotypes make our understanding of other cultures difficult.
Cultural diversity :
The fact or quality of cultures of being diverse or different
Cultural diversity should be considered as a source of enrichment rather a source of conflicts
Cultural shock :
A condition of confusion and anxiety affecting a person suddenly exposed to an alien culture or milieu.
“The first time she went to Japan, Isabel got a huge culture shock”
A behaviour resulting from a belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others (racism or racialism.)
” We may limit the danger of racial behaviour if there is a mutual understanding of different cultures”
Local culture :
Local culture refers to the culture developed at the local level
Global culture :
Global culture refers to the culture developed at the global level through the new information technologies.
Globalization in its literal sense is the process of transformation of local phenomena into global ones. It can be described as a process by which the people of the world are unified into a single society and function together. This process is a combination of economic, technological, sociocultural and political forces.Globalization is often used to refer to economic globalization, that is, integration of national economies into the international economy through trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, migration, and the spread of technology
A generalized perception of first impressions. Stereotypes, therefore, can instigate prejudice and false assumptions about entire groups of people, including the members of different ethnic groups, social classes, religious orders, the opposite sex, etc. A stereotype can be a conventional and oversimplified conception, opinion, or image, based on the assumption that there are attributes that members of the “other group” have in common