Types of education, vocabulary
This is a list of vocabulary items related to education:
The process of teaching or learning in a school or college, or the knowledge that you get from it.
The term education system generally refers to public schooling, not private schooling. Educational systems are established to provide education and training, often for children and the young.
“The educational system teaches students to be curious and to established norms..”
Each country identifies the educational goals to be achieved by its educational system.
Past experience in education. To become an engineer in Computer Science you need to have a computer science educational background.
A course or area of study: mathematics, English, French, physics…are school subjects.
” English is the entertaining subject in our educational system.”
The school year starts in September and ends in June
It is an obligation that students wear school uniforms in some schools.
Some students need private lessons to keep up with their mates in learning some school subjects.
Students who go to private schools pay fees.
A person who holds a university or college degree. University graduates find difficulties getting jobs these days.
An academic title given by a college or university to a student who has completed a course of study:
“You go to university to get a university degree.”
“Bachelor of Arts degree.”
Learners should identify their learning needs in order to get the appropriate learning.
Learning strategies are techniques used to proceed in your own learning.
Learning goals are the target behavior a learner attains through his learning experience.
Adult illiteracy is a major concern for any development.
Formal education results from a program of instruction in an educational institution leading to a qualification / certification.
Informal education occurs in daily work, leisure or family.
Non-formal education results from a program but it is not usually evaluated and doesn’t lead to certification.
Basic education refers to the whole range of educational activities taking place in various settings (formal, non formal and informal), that aim to meet basic learning needs. According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), basic education comprises primary education (first stage of basic education) and lower secondary education (second stage). In countries (developing countries in particular), Basic Education often includes also pre-primary education and/or adult literacy programs.Universal basic education is regarded as a priority for developing countries
” Every citizen should acquire at least a basic education to be able to read and write.”
Primary (or elementary) education consists of the first years of formal, structured education. In general, primary education consists of six or seven years of schooling starting at the age of 5 or 6, although this varies between, and sometimes within, countries.
Secondary education is the stage of education following primary education. Except in countries where only primary or basic education is compulsory, secondary education includes the final stage of compulsory education and in many countries it is entirely compulsory. The next stage of education is usually college or university.
Higher education, also called tertiary, third stage, or post secondary education, is the non-compulsory educational level that follows the completion of a school providing a secondary education, such as a high school, secondary school. Tertiary education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as vocational education and training. Colleges and universities are the main institutions that provide tertiary education. Collectively, these are sometimes known as tertiary institutions. Tertiary education generally results in the receipt of certificates, diplomas, or academic degrees.