Phrasal Verbs : الافعال المركبة
Phrasal verbs with out :
|Stay out||تبقى خارج المنزل لمدة من الزمن||Peter Stayed out late|
|Log out / log off||إغلاق أو إطفاء البريد الإلكتروني، الحاسوب…||For security reasons, you should always log out when you finish reading your emails.|
|Put out||إطفاء حريق||The firemen have managed to put out the fire|
|Pull out||غادر||Unfortunately the train was just pulling out, so we had to wait for the next train.|
|Take out||أخذ شخص في نزهة||They decided to take their mother out on Mother’s Day.|
|Pass out||أغمي عليه||When she heard the news of her father’s death, she passed out.|
Phrasal Verbs with in
|Let in||السماح لشخص بدخول المنزل أو الغرفة||Peter’s father refused to let him in.|
|Fill in||ملأ إستمارة بالمعلومات الشخصية||For security reasons, you should always log out when you finish reading your emails.|
|Hand in||تسليم إستمارة أو أوراق مهمة إلى المدير أو مسؤول في العمل||We handed in the application form to the manager.|
What is a Phrasal Verb?
A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a particle (adverb or preposition), or both. The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely.
on, up, out, for الافعال المركبة هي أفعال تتكون من فعل + حرف جر مثلا
عندما يلحق الفعل بحرف جر عادة يتغير المعنى أو يعطي معنى خاص بالفعل
Look up :
- Look: أنظر
- Up: أعلى
.تعني أنظر إلى الأعلى Look up إذا
Which it’s true, but not every time. The phrasal verb could have many meanings, it depends on the sentence.
Look a word up in a dictionary >> means search for the meaning of a word in a dictionary.
Phrasal verbs can be transitive (they can have an object) or intransitive (they have no object)
a. As Ahmed stayed out (بقي خارج المنزل) late, his father decided to lock him(object) out (منعه من الدخول) despite the mother’s plea.
In this sentence:
Stayed out is intransitive because it doesn’t have an object.
Lock out is transitive because it has an object which is “him“.
b. We filled in (ملأنا) the application form(object) and handed it(object) in (وأعطيناها) to the manager.
Filled in is transitive because it has an object which is “the application form“.
Handed in is transitive because it has an object which is “it“.
2. Why it’s important to know if the phrasal verb is transitive or intransitive?
The verb and adverb elements which make up intransitive phrasal verbs are never separated:
✔ As Ahmed stayed out late, his father decided to lock him out. (Correct)
❌ As Ahmed ̶s̶t̶a̶y̶e̶d̶ ̶l̶a̶t̶e̶ ̶o̶u̶t̶, his father decided to lock him out. (False)
>> In this example the phrasal verb stayed out can’t be separated because it doesn’t have an object. Which means we cant add a word between stayed and out. (late is not an object)
The situation is different with transitive verbs, however.
o If the direct object is a noun, you can say:
✔ We filled in the application form(object=noun) and handed it in to the manager.
✔ We filled the application form(object=noun) in and handed it in to the manager.
o If the object is a pronoun (such as it, him, her, them), then the object always comes between the verb and the adverb:
✔ We filled the application form in and handed it(object=pronoun) in to the manager. (True)
❌ We filled the application form in and handed in it(object=pronoun) to the manager. (False)