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Grammar : Past perfect simple and continuous

تنفّع من موارد توجيهية و تعليمية مجّانية

Past perfect :

Past perfect Form :

had + past participle

Some examples :

  • I had gone before she met you.
  • had you studied French before you came to Casablanca?
  • You had not studied French before you came to Casablanca.

When do we use Past Perfect ? 

The past perfect expresses the idea that an action occurred before another action in the past.  It can also show that an action occurred before a specifc time.

More examples :

  • I had never seen such a beautiful city before I went to Chefchaouen.
  • I had never eaten such delicious bolognese spaghettis until last night
  • Had she learned her lesson before she passed her exam?
  • I had been to France before last year

Past perfect continuous:

 had been + past participle + ing

Examples :

  • I had been waiting there for more than 1 hour when he finally called me.
  • Had you been there for than 1 hour when he finally called you ?

When do we use past perfect

continuous ?

We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past

We often use the past perfect continuous when we want to underline the duration of an activity in the past

More examples :

  • They had been playing for more than 3 hours before the teacher arrived
  • Morroccan national team had been struggling more than 20 years before they finally made it to the Russian world cup.
  • Daoud had been chatting on snapchat for more then 3 hours before Youssef came.

 

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