The passive voice is an easy lesson as long as we understand two things:

  1. Sentence order.
  2. The rule of passive voice.

Sentence order

Consider these changes in the table below:

Subject(1) Verb(2) Object (3) Object (3) Verb(2) Subject(1)
Tom Speaks English English is spoken by Tom
The students wrote the lesson The lesson was written by students
My dad is reading a newspaper a newspaper is being read by my father

As you may have noticed that the structure of the active is different from the passive in this way :

  1. Active    Subject + Verb + object
  2. Passive :  Object  + verb  + subject

you may also have noticed that the verbs form in the active is different from the passive, and this is our next step in understanding this lesson.

The rule of passive voice

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